共用题干 Cell Phone Lets Your Secret OutYour cell phone holds secrets about you....

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问题 共用题干 Cell Phone Lets Your Secret Out

Your cell phone holds secrets about you.Besides the names and _____________(51)that you've pro-
grammed into it,traces of your DNA linger on the device,according to a new study.
DNA is genetic material that______________(52)in every cell.Like your fingerprint,your DNA is unique
to you一 _____________(53)you have an identical twin.Scientists today routinely analyze DNA in blood,
saliva,or hair left _____________(54)at the scene of a crime.The results often help detectives identify
_____________(55)and their victims.Your cell phone can reveal more about you _____________(56)you might
think.
Meghan J.McFadden,a scientist at McMaster University in Hamilton,Ontario,heard about a crime in
which the suspect bled onto a cell phone and later dropped the______________(57).This made her wonder
whether traces of DNA lingered on cell phones even when no blood was involved.______________(58)she and
colleague Margaret Wallace of the City University of New York analyzed the flip-open phones of 10 volun-
teers.They used swabs to collect______________(59)traces of the users from two parts of the phone:the
outside,where the user holds it,and the______________(60),which is placed at the user's ear.
The scientists scrubbed the phones using a solution made mostly______________(61)alcohol.The aim of
washing was to remove all detectable traces of DNA.The owners got their phones______________(62)for
another week.Then the researchers collected the phones and repeated the swabbing of each phone once
more.
The scientists discovered DNA that _____________(63)to the phone's speaker on each of the phones.
Better samples were collected from the outside of each phone,but those swabs also picked up DNA that be-
longed to other people who had apparently also handled the phone.______________(64),DNA showed up even
in swabs that were taken immediately after the phones were scrubbed.That suggests that washing won't remove
all traces of evidence from a criminal's device.So cell phones can now be added to the
______________(65)of clues
that can clinch a crime-scene investigation.
选项 _________(52) A:appeals B:appoints C:appears D:applies
答案 C
解析 人们通常在手机中储存人名和他们的电话号码。所以A是最佳选择。虽然手机中也 能储存音乐、电影和秘密信息,相比之下,不如A合理。
这个句子的意思是:DNA是一种存在于每一个细胞中的基因物质。appeal呼吁,吸引, 上诉;appoint任命,指定;appear有,出现;apply申请,应用。只有C项符合语境,故选C。
此句的意思是:如同指纹,你的DNA是独一无二的——除非你有一个与你完全相同的 孪生兄弟或姐妹。因此,此处必须选择unless,其他选择均不符合语境,也违背了有关DNA的基本常识。
leave behind是固定搭配,意为“留下”。
根据对上下文的理解可推知,研究结果是用来帮助侦探识别罪犯和受害人的。由空后 的their victims(他们的受害者)也可知答案。
句子中的more提供了选择的线索,more…than的搭配最能表达该句的意思。
定冠词the说明该选项所指内容在前文中已经提到,即cell phone。除了device(设备, 装置),其他选项均不能指代。ell phone。
前后两个句子是因果关系,故选B。句子大意为:这使她思考微量DNA是否会停留在 手机上,所以,她与同事一起对10名志愿者的翻盖手机进行了分析研究。A、C、D三项表示的 都是转折关系。
句子当中的traces指的是DNA traces,而DNA traces是肉眼看不到的,所以选择invisible。
研究者从手机的两部分收集微量DNA:一是手机外壳,二是喇叭。speaker在此处意为 “喇叭”。
be made of是固定搭配,意为“由……制成”。a solution made mostly of alcohol:一种主要 由酒精制成的溶液。
根据对上下文的理解,应该选择back。本句意思为:手机拥有者拿回了手机,再使用一 个星期。
该句要表达的意思应该是:科学家在每一个手机上发现了属于手机拥有者的DNA。 belong to是固定搭配,意思是“属于”。
空后内容告诉我们手机经过擦洗后仍然有微量DNA出现。所以这里要用surpiisingly 这个副词,表示令人惊讶。
根据对上下文的理解,应该选择list,其他三个选项与句子的意思不符。

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